TASP MSc Seminar – Nitzan Madar – Leveraging Experience in Multi-Agent Path Finding

Work towards MSc degree under the supervision of Dr. Oren Salzman

When: 7.3.2022 at 9:30

Where: zoom

Abstract: In Lifelong Multi-Agent Path Finding (L-MAPF) a team of agents performs a stream of tasks consisting of multiple locations to be visited by the agents on a shared graph while avoiding collisions with one another. L-MAPF is typically tackled by partitioning it into multiple consecutive, and hence similar, “one-shot” MAPF queries with a single task assigned to each agent, as in the Rolling-Horizon Collision Resolution (RHCR) algorithm. Therefore, a solution to one query informs the next query, which leads to similarity with respect to the agents’ start and goal positions, and how collisions between the agents need to be resolved from one query to the next. Thus, experience from solving one MAPF query can potentially be used to speedup solving the next one and reduce runtime in L-MAPF overall. Despite this intuition, current L-MAPF planners solve consecutive MAPF queries from scratch. In this paper, we introduce a new RHCR-inspired approach called exRHCR, which exploits experience in its constituent MAPF queries. In particular, exRHCR employs a new extension of Priority-Based Search (PBS), a state-of-the-art MAPF solver.
Our extension, called exPBS, allows to warm-start the search with the priorities between agents used by PBS in the previous MAPF instances. We demonstrate empirically that exRHCR solves L-MAPF up to 25% faster than RHCR, and allows to increase throughput for given task streams by as much as 3%-16% by increasing the number of agents we can cope with for a given time budget.

You can see the seminar here